BECE 2014 Social Studies Past Question Paper Two

1

 (a) Differentiate between a map and a sketch.

(b) List the four main cardinal points that are used in showing direction.

(c) State the two main seasons and the periods in which they occur in Ghana.

(d) Describe how a cyclonic rainfall occurs.

MAPSKETCH
A map is drawn to scaleA sketch is not drawn to scale
A map is an accurate representation of an areaA sketch is an inaccurate representation of an area
A map must be datedA sketch needs not be dated
A map must have a keyA sketch needs not have a key

b.
North, south, east and west

c.
The wet season and the dry season
The wet season is from March to October
The dry season is from November to February

d.
bece-2014-social-studies-question-number-1d-answer-image

DISCLAIMER: ANSWERS PROVIDED ARE ONLY GUIDELINES TO BE EXPANDED, IF REQUIRED, INTO ESSAY FORM FOR FULL MARKS IN THE EXAMINATION.

(i) Two air masses (one warm, the other cold) meet and form a front.
(ii) The warmer air rises over the colder air, since it is lighter /has lower density
(iii) As the warm air continues to rise, it cools and condenses to form cumulus clouds as a result of temperature fall within the troposphere.
(iv) As the cooling continues, the clouds condense further and fall as rain

2

(a) List any two major relief features in Ghana.

(b) List four oceans of the world.

(c) Outline four ways by which the forest vegetation in Ghana can be preserved.

a.
(i) Mountain Afadjato,
(ii) Akwapim-Togo range
(iii) Mampong scarp,
(iv) Gambaga escarpment

b.

(i) Arctic ocean,
(ii) Atlantic ocean,
(iii) Pacific ocean,
(iv) Indian ocean
(v) Antarctic / Southern ocean

c.
DISCLAIMER: ANSWERS PROVIDED ARE ONLY GUIDELINES TO BE EXPANDED, IF REQUIRED, INTO ESSAY FORM FOR FULL MARKS IN THE EXAMINATION.

(i) Planting more trees to replace ones that have been cut down / felled – (Reforestation)
(ii) Ensuring that only trees of a certain minimum size can be felled – (Controlled felling)
(iii) Empowering government agencies that are responsible for forest preservation to work more efficiently (eg, the Environmental Protection Agency and The Forestry Commission)
(iv) Planting trees to create a forest – (Afforestation)
(v) Prosecuting / penalizing offenders who flout the forest preservation laws / by-laws / ethics to serve as a deterrent to others.
(vi) Creating forest reserves – forests that are kept from human exploitation
(vii) Preventing overgrazing by cattle and other animals
(viii) Preventing bushfires by public education and other measures
(ix) Planting trees on farms for various reasons – (Agroforestry)

3

 (a) Explain the term colonization.

(b) Highlight four positive effects of colonization on Ghana.

a.
Colonization is the process by which one country takes control of the administration of another. The controlling country is termed the colonizer, whereas the country being controlled is the colony. In most cases, the colonizer exploits the markets and resources (human, natural, mineral, financial, etc) of its colony.

b.

DISCLAIMER: ANSWERS PROVIDED ARE ONLY GUIDELINES TO BE EXPANDED, IF REQUIRED, INTO ESSAY FORM FOR FULL MARKS IN THE EXAMINATION.

(i) Formal Education – Introduction of formal education by the establishment of schools and colleges

(ii) Introduction of currency notes and coins as the medium of exchange which led to a better commercial system

(iii) Christianity – The spread of Christianity

(iv) Legal System – The introduction of the formal legal system for a better and fairer system of adjudication / settlement of disputes

(v) Health – The establishment of clinics and hospitals and the training of health professionals, which helped to improve the delivery of health to the people

(vi) The development of alphabet for local languages, which led to writing and reading of local languages and English

(vii) Agriculture – The introduction of better agricultural implements and methods, which supported commercial agriculture.

(viii) Architecture – The introduction of new and improved physical structures, which were much stronger and beautiful – a number of which are still standing strong to date.

(ix) Tourism – The forts and castles used by the colonizers have now become tourist sites out of which the state still gets revenue.

(x) Infrastructure – The development of better infrastructure, eg, roads, railway lines, harbour, etc, which has significantly improved the economy of the country.

4

Outline five contributions of the District Assemblies to the development of Ghana.

a.
SUGGESTED POINTS FOR YOUR ESSAY
(i) Donation of relief items
(ii) Payment of dues
(iii) Settlement of refugees
(iv) Provision of troops for peace-keeping operations – for global peace and stability
(v) Provision of training support to member states
(vi) Participation in the global fight against diseases, hunger, etc.
(vii) Inputs made in formulation of working documents
(viii) Human resource for the organization and its specialized agencies

b.
SUGGESTED POINTS FOR YOUR ESSAY
(i) Loans and grants from the IMF and the World Bank to support development projects
(ii) Health delivery services provided by the WHO
(iii) International recognition as a result of our membership of the UNO
(iv) Rural developmental projects by the UNDP
(v) Supporting the provision of proper health care, education and food to children in Ghana by UNICEF
(vi) Food and Agricultural developmental programmes by the FAO
(vii) Employment of Ghanaians at the UNO and its specialised agencies.
(viii) Support for Ghana’s democracy, including budgetary support and supply of international observers during general elections

5

 (a) State four reasons why people embark on tours to different places.

(b) Explain four ways in which tourism is important to the development of Ghana.

a.
(i) Educational purposes – to get firsthand knowledge about places and people.
(ii) Recreational purposes – for leisure / entertainment
(iii) Religious /Spiritual purposes – to fulfil a given religious requirement
(iv) Therapeutic /Health purposes – for relaxation / rejuvenation of their physical bodies
(v) Cultural awareness – to learn about other cultures
(vi) Traditional / Cultural purposes – to identify with (feel a part of) a particular culture or tradition.
(vii) Adventure to acquire artifacts

b.
DISCLAIMER: ANSWERS PROVIDED ARE ONLY GUIDELINES TO BE EXPANDED, IF REQUIRED, INTO ESSAY FORM FOR FULL MARKS IN THE EXAMINATION.

(i) Foreign exchange earner for Ghana
(ii) Source of revenue to the government of Ghana.
(iii) Tourist sites promotes the development of communities
(iv) Source of employment for citizens
(v) Promotes environmental preservation
(vi) Helps to attract foreign investors into the country
(vii) Gives a boost to the local artifacts industry

6

 (a) Explain the term natural disaster and give two examples.

(b) Outline four reasons why a good layout is necessary for a descent settlement.

a.
A natural event that causes great damage or injury or loss of life
or
A major adverse event, usually causes extensive damage to life and property, resulting from natural processes of the Earth
or
Extreme, sudden event caused by natural factors that injure people and damage property

Examples of natural disaster: flood, earthquake, hurricane, volcanic eruptions

b.

DISCLAIMER: ANSWERS PROVIDED ARE ONLY GUIDELINES TO BE EXPANDED, IF REQUIRED, INTO ESSAY FORM FOR FULL MARKS IN THE EXAMINATION.

• Easy accessibility in times of disasters
• Easy access of utility services
• Easy movement of citizens within the settlement
• Prevention of floods
• Easy directions to places of choice

End Of Paper

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