BECE 2014 Basic Design And Technology (Pre Technical Skills ) Past Question Paper Two

1

 (a) State the main method for cooking the following foods:

(i) rice
(ii) cake

(b) State four suitable methods for preserving fish.

(c) (i) List the type of pencil most suitable for the following operations:

OPERATION

PENCIL USED

Lettering

Drawing outlines

Shading

(ii) List four methods of recording data for solving design problems.

(d) (i) State three benefits of packaging.
(ii) List two important information on a good package

(e) Draw a line to illustrate each of the following:
(i) movement
(ii) texture.

(a) State the main method for cooking the following foods:
(i) rice – boiling
(ii) cake – baking

(b) State four suitable methods for preserving fish.
 Drying
 Smoking
 Freezing
 Salting
 Frying
 Canning

(c) (i) List the type of pencil most suitable for the following operations:

OPERATIONPENCIL USED
LetteringHB
Drawing outlinesH, 2H
Shading2B or BB , 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B

(ii) List four methods of recording data for solving design problems.
 Taking notes / Using computer
 Taking photographs
 Video recording
 Audio recording
 Drawing / sketching
 Drawing graphs
 Making charts

(d) (i) State three benefits of packaging.
 It adds value to the product
 It protects the product from contamination
 It protects the consumer from hazards
 Attracts consumers
 Makes handling easier / makes it portable
 Promotes easy identification.

(ii) List two important information on a good package
 Information about content / manufacturer
 Date of production
 Expiry date
 Instructions for usage

(e) Draw a line to illustrate each of the following:
(i) movement

Bece-2014-BDT-Pretechnical-Skills-Question-number-1ei

Any line apart from horizontal or vertical lines, eg

(ii) texture.
Bece-2014-BDT-Pretechnical-Skills-Question-number-1eii

2

Figure 1 shows a wooden object to be prepared in the workshop.

 
Bece-2014-BDT-Pretechnical-Skills-Question-number-2a-image

(a) Draw full size the front view in the direction of arrow W.

(b) List two tools used for:

(i) marking-out the shape of the object
(ii) cutting the waste wood.

(c) State two ways of caring for and maintaining the jack plane.
(d) State the difference between ferrous metals and non-ferrous metals.
(e) Make a freehand sketch of the builder’s square.

 Figure 1 shows a wooden object to be prepared in the workshop.

(a) Draw full size the front view in the direction of arrow W.

Accurately drawing 6 horizontal lines and 6 vertical lines neatly

Bece-2014-BDT-Pretechnical-Skills-Question-number-2a-answer-image (b) List two tools used for: (i) marking-out the shape of the object  Marking knife  Pencil  Try-square  Marking gauge  Rule / Tape measure  Straight edge (ii) cutting the waste wood. • Mortise chisel or firmer chisel • Mallet • Tenon saw / other back saws (except rip saw) (c) State two ways of caring for and maintaining the jack plane.  Cleaning the tool after use  Oiling the metal parts  Keeping the tool in the rack or tool box  Sharpening the tool before use (d) State the difference between ferrous metals and non-ferrous metals.  Ferrous metals are metals that contain iron while non-ferrous metals do not contain iron.  Ferrous metals can rust while non-ferrous metals do not rust. (e) Make a freehand sketch of the builder’s square.  
3

 (a) State one reason why personal safety should be observed in the workshop.

(b) List two specific tools for carrying out each of the following operations:
(i) setting-out a wall;
(ii) moulding bricks;
(iii) cutting a tenon from a piece of wood;
(iv) soldering sheet metals.

(c) (i) Make a freehand pictorial sketch of a rasp file
(ii) Label any two parts of the tool sketched in (c)(i) above.
(iii) State one use of the rasp file.

(d) (i) State the main difference between a brick and a block.
(ii) List the two main materials for making sandcrete blocks.

(a) State one reason why personal safety should be observed in the workshop.
 To avoid injury
 To prevent accident

(b) List two specific tools for carrying out each of the following operations:
(i) setting-out a wall;
 Line and pins
 Straight edge
 Builder’s square
 Profile Boards
 Spirit Level
 Tape measure / surveyor’s tape
 Pegs
 Piece of chalk

(ii) moulding bricks;
 Mould box
 Head pan / gauge box / wheel barrow
 Shovel / spade
 Tamping rod
 Pick Axe

(iii) cutting a tenon from a piece of wood;
 Try square
 Marking gauge / mortise gauge
 Pencil / Marking knife
 Tenon Saw
 Mallet
 Bevel-edged chisel / firmer chisel

(iv) soldering sheet metals.
 Soldering iron / bit
 Coal pot / stove / blow lamp
 File / emery cloth
 Shears / pair of snips
 Mallet
 Folding bar

(c) (i) Make a freehand pictorial sketch of a rasp file

 
Bece-2014-BDT-Pretechnical-Skills-Question-number-3c-answer-image

(ii) Label any two parts of the tool sketched in (c)(i) above.
 Blade / teeth / cut
 Tang
 Ferrule
 Handle
 Shoulder

(iii) State one use of the rasp file.
 For smoothening edges and shapes
 For shaping a circular piece of wood

(d) (i) State the main difference between a brick and a block.
 The size: A block is bigger than a brick
 The weight: A block is heavier than a brick
 The material: A block is made of concrete whilst brick is made of clay

(ii) List the two main materials for making sandcrete blocks.
 Sand
 Cement

4

 (a) List one protective clothing each for the following:
(i) foot;
(ii) head;
(iii) eyes,

(b) (i) Make a freehand pictorial sketch of the firmer chisel.
(ii) Label any two parts of the tool sketched in 4 (b) (i)

(c) State one reason each for carrying out the following operations:
(i) cross-filing
(ii) curing a sandcrete block;
(iii) setting out a wall.

(d) Copy and complete the table below

ALLOY

COMPOSITION

ONE USE EACH

Soft solder

Brass

Bronze

(a) List one protective clothing each for the following:

ALLOYCOMPOSITIONONE USE EACH
Soft solder  
Brass  
Bronze  

(b) (i) Make a freehand pictorial sketch of the firmer chisel.
null

(ii) Label any two parts of the tool sketched in 4 (b) (i)
• Cutting edge
• Edge
• Ferrule
• Handle

(c) State one reason each for carrying out the following operations:
(i) cross-filing
 For removing waste metal
 For removing unwanted metal
 For removing excess metal

(ii) curing a sandcrete block;
 To help the block to attain its maximum strength
 To prevent rapid drying
 To reduce shrinkage
 To make it dense
 To prevent / reduce cracks
 To make it durable

(iii) setting out a wall.
• For straightness
• For squaring
• For accuracy

(d) Copy and complete the table below

ALLOY

COMPOSITION

ONE USE EACH

Soft solder

Lead + tin or antimony

§  For joining sheet metal

§  For soldering sheet metal, wires cables and pipe

Brass

Copper + zinc

§  Door locks

§  Door handles

§  Musical instruments

§  Hinges

§  Ornaments

§  Taps

§  Bolts and nuts

§  Bells

Bronze

Copper + tin

§  Statues

§  Trophies

§  Shields

§  Church bells

End Of Paper

End of BECE 2014 Basic Design And Technology (Pre Technical Skills ) Past Question Paper Two, Thank you for visiting this page, if any spelling mistake or wrong answers are spotted kindly notice us in the comment section below remember to share page to friends and famillies who may need it

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