# BECE 2014 Basic Design And Technology (Home Economics) Past Question Paper Two

1

## (e) Draw a line to illustrate each of the following:(i) movement(ii) texture.

(a) State the main method for cooking the following foods:
(i) rice – boiling
(ii) cake – baking

(b) State four suitable methods for preserving fish.
 Drying
 Smoking
 Freezing
 Salting
 Frying
 Canning

(c) (i) List the type of pencil most suitable for the following operations:

 OPERATION PENCIL USED Lettering HB Drawing outlines H, 2H Shading 2B or BB , 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B

(ii) List four methods of recording data for solving design problems.
 Taking notes / Using computer
 Taking photographs
 Video recording
 Audio recording
 Drawing / sketching
 Drawing graphs
 Making charts

(d) (i) State three benefits of packaging.
 It adds value to the product
 It protects the product from contamination
 It protects the consumer from hazards
 Attracts consumers
 Makes handling easier / makes it portable
 Promotes easy identification.

(ii) List two important information on a good package
 Information about content / manufacturer
 Date of production
 Expiry date
 Instructions for usage

(e) Draw a line to illustrate each of the following:
(i) movement

Any line apart from horizontal or vertical lines, eg

(ii) texture.

2

## (d) If Afua sells one blouse at GHC 3.75. Work out the total profit for the fifteen blouses

(a) State five processes that will be used in making up the blouse.

Arrangement of fullness
Collar making
Openings
Seam making
Fastening
Neatening

(b) Denim.
Sateen.
Calico.
Poplin.
Muslin
Flannel

(c) The cost of making one blouse is GHC 2.50. Work out the cost of fifteen blouses.
Cost for one blouse = GHC 2.50
Hence, cost for fifteen blouses = 15 x GHC 2.50
= GHC 37.50

(d) If Afua sells one blouse at GHC 3.75. Work out the total profit for the fifteen blouses
Profit = Selling price – Cost price
Profit for 1 blouse = GHC 3.75 – GHC 2.50
= GHC 1.25
Hence, profit for 15 blouses = 15 x 1.25
= GHC 18.75

2ND METHOD

If selling price for 1 blouse = GHC 3.75
Then, selling price for 15 blouses = 15 x GHC 3.75
= GHC 56.25
Hence, Profit for 15 blouses = Selling price – Cost price
= GHC 56.25 – GHC 37.50
= GHC 18.75

3

## (f) Plan a two course lunch menu for an adolescent using meat for the main dish and provide a suitable dessert

(a) State one reason why personal safety should be observed in the workshop.
 To avoid injury
 To prevent accident

(b) List two specific tools for carrying out each of the following operations:
(i) setting-out a wall;
 Line and pins
 Straight edge
 Builder’s square
 Profile Boards
 Spirit Level
 Tape measure / surveyor’s tape
 Pegs
 Piece of chalk

(ii) moulding bricks;
 Mould box
 Head pan / gauge box / wheel barrow
 Tamping rod
 Pick Axe

(iii) cutting a tenon from a piece of wood;
 Try square
 Marking gauge / mortise gauge
 Pencil / Marking knife
 Tenon Saw
 Mallet
 Bevel-edged chisel / firmer chisel

(iv) soldering sheet metals.
 Soldering iron / bit
 Coal pot / stove / blow lamp
 File / emery cloth
 Shears / pair of snips
 Mallet
 Folding bar

(c) (i) Make a freehand pictorial sketch of a rasp file

(ii) Label any two parts of the tool sketched in (c)(i) above.
 Blade / teeth / cut
 Tang
 Ferrule
 Handle
 Shoulder

(iii) State one use of the rasp file.
 For smoothening edges and shapes
 For shaping a circular piece of wood

(d) (i) State the main difference between a brick and a block.
 The size: A block is bigger than a brick
 The weight: A block is heavier than a brick
 The material: A block is made of concrete whilst brick is made of clay

(ii) List the two main materials for making sandcrete blocks.
 Sand
 Cement

4

(a) The passage below describes the threading of the sewing machine. Fill in the blank spaces with the appropriate words selected from the list below

balance wheel, spool pin, needle, tension disc, thread, reel, take-up-lever, second, first thread guide

Place the …………………….. of thread on the …………………………… Turn the ……………………………… so that the needle is at the highest point. Pass the thread through the …………………………… at the top of the machine. Draw the thread through the …………………………. to the …………………………….. Pass the thread through the ………………………… thread guide and finally through the eye of the ………………….

(b) Mention the main types of sewing equipment

(c) Give two examples of each type of sewing equipment mentioned in 4 (b) above

(d) What is microwave cooking?

(e) List four food items which can be cooked in a microwave

(f) State one reason for using microwave to cook

(g) State two advantages of microwave cooking

(a) The passage below describes the threading of the sewing machine. Fill in the blank spaces with the appropriate words selected from the list below

balance wheel, spool pin, needle, tension disc, thread, reel, take-up-lever, second, first thread guide

Place the …reel…. of thread on the …spool pin…. Turn the …balance wheel….. so that the needle is at the highest point. Pass the thread through the …first thread guide…. at the top of the machine. Draw the thread through the …tension disc…….. to the …take-up-lever…. Pass the thread through the …second…..thread guide and finally through the eye of the …needle..

(b) Mention the main types of sewing equipment
Large sewing equipment
Small sewing equipment

(c) Give two examples of each type of sewing equipment mentioned in 4 (b) above
Large equipment examples: ironing board and sewing machine.
Small equipment examples: tape measure, scissors, thread and needle

(d) What is microwave cooking?
Is a method of cooking and reheating food by means of electromagnetic waves in a microwave oven powered by electricity.

(e) List four food items which can be cooked in a microwave
Potatoes, Carrot, Meat, Fish, Oats, rice, beans, maize

(f) State one reason for using microwave to cook
It cooks food fast,
It is easy / convenient to use.

(g) State two advantages of microwave cooking
If properly set, it needs less attention
Food nutrients are conserved.

(h) State two disadvantages of microwave cooking
The oven is expensive.
Food can be dried when not covered properly.
It cannot be used where there is no electricity

DISCLAIMER: ANSWERS PROVIDED ARE ONLY GUIDELINES TO BE EXPANDED, IF REQUIRED, INTO ESSAY FORM FOR FULL MARKS IN THE EXAMINATION.

# End Of Paper

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